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Evidence for acceleration of outer zone electrons to relativistic energies by whistler mode chorus

first_imgWe use plasma wave and electron data from the Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite (CRRES) to investigate the viability of a local stochastic electron acceleration mechanism to relativistic energies driven by gyroresonant interactions with whistler mode chorus. In particular, we examine the temporal evolution of the spectral response of the electrons and the waves during the 9 October 1990 geomagnetic storm. The observed hardening of the electron energy spectra over about 3 days in the recovery phase is coincident with prolonged substorm activity, as monitored by the A(E) index and enhanced levels of whistler mode chorus waves. The observed spectral hardening is observed to take place over a range of energies appropriate to the resonant energies associated with Doppler-shifted cyclotron resonance, as supported by the construction of realistic resonance curves and resonant diffusion surfaces. Furthermore, we show that the observed spectral hardening is not consistent with energy-independent radial diffusion models. These results provide strong circumstantial evidence for a local stochastic acceleration mechanism, involving the energisation of a seed population of electrons with energies of the order of a few hundred keV to relativistic energies, driven by wave-particle interactions involving whistler mode chorus. The results suggest that this mechanism contributes to the reformation of the relativistic outer zone population during geomagnetic storms, and is most effective when the recovery phase is characterised by prolonged substorm activity. An additional significant result of this paper is that we demonstrate that the lower energy part of the storm-time electron distribution is in steady-state balance, in accordance with the Kennel and Petschek (1966) theory of limited stably-trapped particle fluxes.last_img read more

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Council Approves Funding for Affordable Housing

first_imgBy Donald WittkowskiCity Council approved a $6.6 million bond ordinance Thursday night for affordable housing construction, including a new project that will allow senior citizens to leave a flood-prone neighborhood.The city is planning to build or rehabilitate affordable housing sites for senior citizens and low-income families. The projects will help Ocean City meet its state-mandated obligation to provide its “fair share” of affordable housing as part of a court settlement in 2018.Construction will be done at the Bayview Manor and Peck’s Beach Village housing developments managed by the Ocean City Housing Authority.Bayview Manor at Sixth Street and West Avenue will undergo rehabilitation work in 2019. Part of the flood-prone Peck’s Beach Village site on Fourth Street will be demolished and replaced with a new 33-unit affordable housing project for senior citizens next to Bayview Manor.Members of City Council spoke enthusiastically about the benefits of the plan, saying it will add attractive new affordable housing in the heart of downtown.“It’s going to complement everybody’s neighborhood,” Councilman Keith Hartzell said of the project. “I wholeheartedly endorse this. I think it’s a great thing for the city.”City Council believes the construction of new projects offering attractive affordable housing will complement the surrounding neighborhoods.Other Council members echoed Hartzell’s sentiments, stressing that the project is crucial for providing the city’s senior citizens with a place they can live instead of being forced to find affordable housing elsewhere.“They’re an incredibly valuable part of our community,” Councilman Michael DeVlieger said.City Solicitor Dorothy McCrosson explained that Ocean City has carefully crafted its affordable housing plan in a way that will allow new construction to blend in with the rest of the neighborhoods without “jamming up” the town with high-density projects.“No high-rises. No buildings that look like projects. Buildings that look like homes,” McCrosson said.Ocean City dramatically reduced its affordable housing obligation with a court-approved agreement last year that would require 93 units, instead of 1,687, for low-income families, seniors and the disabled.Like other towns and cities, Ocean City must comply with the state’s Fair Housing Act of 1985, as well as the landmark Mount Laurel court doctrine requiring New Jersey municipalities to provide their “fair share” of affordable housing.In Ocean City’s case, a scarcity of developable land in the beach resort made it highly unlikely it would ever be able to fulfill its original affordable housing requirements, so the number was greatly reduced under the court agreement.The Ocean City Housing Authority and the City of Ocean City are working together to provide new housing for senior citizens in place of the flood-prone Peck’s Beach Village complex along Fourth Street.The city is financing the affordable housing projects in partnership with the Ocean City Housing Authority. The authority plans to contribute $4.2 million in funding using a federal Hurricane Sandy recovery grant.City Councilman Bob Barr serves as the chairman of the housing authority’s board. Barr recused himself Thursday from Council’s vote on the $6.6 million funding package for the affordable housing projects.However, representatives of the local group Fairness In Taxes said they object to millions of dollars in tax money being used to “bail out” the housing authority.FIT’s president, Dave Hayes, told Council that the group will consider its options for possibly blocking taxpayer money from financing the affordable housing plan.“We hope to continue working with the city to resolve this issue,” he said.FIT met with city representatives on Thursday before the Council meeting to discuss the affordable housing plan. Hayes characterized the discussions as an important first step in what he hopes will be a settlement between the city and FIT. An architectural rendering depicts the proposed affordable housing project for senior citizens next to Bayview Manor.last_img read more

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Top toasters: Panda-faced toast

first_imgAlways at the forefront of toaster technology, Japan has once again come up trumps with Sega Toys’ Pa toaster. If you squint, it looks a bit like a cartoon panda. This marvel hits the market in June. Can you wait?last_img

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UK bakers appear on Cupcake Wars

first_imgTwo British bakeries have appeared on a special episode of hit American TV show Cupcake Wars during National Cupcake Week.Indulgence Cupcake Company, based in Brighton, and Mama Doreen’s Cupcake Company from Harrogate, were picked as contestants for the first UK edition of the programme, which aired last Friday (21 September) on television channel Food Network UK.The two bakeries battled it out to test their skills as cupcake bakers, going head-to-head against two further bakers based in America but originally from Britain – The Picadilly Bakery and Little London Cake Shoppe. Jeremy Jacobs, owner of Indulgence Cupcake Company, which signed a deal with Virgin Atlantic back in June, told British Baker: “It has been an absolutely amazing experience, the programme has already aired in America, but we have been waiting for it to be broadcast in the UK and see the reaction of people back at home.“Since the programme, we’ve had a lot of interest on our social media sites, as well as emails and messages from new and existing customers. It’s a bit too early to tell whether Cupcake Wars will have an effect on the business, but it has planted a seed in our head about trying to expand over in America. Being British, and using our own British recipes, it’s something that would do very well over in the States.”Jacobs, who appeared on the programme with one of his employees, Jo Gathern, added that the Virgin contract, which required Indulgence to produce 50,000 cupcakes as part of the one-year deal, has completely changed the business and has increased its workforce to 10 members of staff.Jessica Wyatt of Mama Doreen’s Cupcakes, who appeared with her mum Justine on the show, said: “Doing Cupcake Wars was an amazing opportunity; the production company actually asked us to apply for the programme and we were chosen to take part.“It was very daunting and surreal to be in a television studio, because I watch the programme back at home. But it has been amazing since the show aired – we’ve actually had two women fly over specially from America to come and visit us in our Harrogate shop because of seeing us on the show.”She added that the opportunity would open up a lot of doors for Mama Doreen’s Cupcakes, including overseas.The bakery teams took part in a series of British-themed cupcake challenges to celebrate the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee, competing for a cash prize and the opportunity to produce their sweet bakery goods for an exclusive party at the British Consul in Los Angeles.last_img read more

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NFU embarks on annual harvest survey

first_imgThe National Farmers’ Union of England and Wales (NFU) is asking members to complete its annual harvest survey, launched this week.The survey of combinable crops, available online from 15 August, is the first source of published data on production levels in the UK, and is published up to a month before Defra’s official statistics. It follows the UK becoming a net importer of wheat for the first time in 20 years in 2012.The survey hopes to achieve a full picture of the wheat crop in England by mid-September and the year’s harvest of major combinable crops to date, by early October.  It will reflect on issues such as the effect of the extreme weather on cereals and oilseeds, the lower winter crop areas and increased planting of spring crops, and the effect difficult field conditions have had on the crop.Results are hoped to be released by 13 September.Guy Gagen, NFU chief arable adviser, said: “Without the information provided by members, it would have simply been impossible to generate an accurate estimate in the past as we rely on members’ input in order to maintain our accurate track record with harvest results.“As with last year, the survey is online, making it easy for members’ to record the crucial information that goes into painting a picture of the 2013 harvest on a national scale.“We need as many of our members as possible to fill the survey in, as without their input, it simply would not be possible.”last_img read more

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Manchester baker lands Harvey Nichols contract

first_imgCharlotte O’Toole is to supply Harvey Nichols in Manchester with products from her company, Bakeorama. O’Toole, who describes herself as a cake artist, will be taking over the cake counter at the Manchester store from 12 February. She made her name in the bakery Home Sweet Home, based in the city’s Northern Quarter.O’Toole first announced the news this week, through Twitter: “Excited to say I will be supplying #HarveyNichols from 12th Feb. The only place in Manchester to get your Bakeo fix.”Of her Harvey Nichols debut, she said: “I’ve got some new menus and new recipes and I’m really excited to get them out there.“It’s such a lovely venue and I was just really honoured that they’ve asked me to take over the counter.”O’Toole trained as a pastry chef in Liverpool before moving to Manchester, and said customers can expect the outlandish, over-the-top designs she has become known for, which are inspired by everything from films and pop culture to retro sweets.She also created the Cadbury’s chocolate grotto that toured the UK before Christmas.last_img read more

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Activities Night highlights Saint Mary’s clubs

first_imgSaint Mary’s annual Student Activities Night took place Wednesday on the College’s Library Green.  Hundreds of students attended the event and walked around with little blue bags to store all of their free pens, stickers, pamphlets and goodies from the various clubs. Of the 80 clubs and organizations on campus, 65 registered for Activities Night, Vice President of Finance Emily Murphy said.  An additional 16 local non-profit service organizations attended to show students other ways to get involved in the South Bend community. “Multiple clubs from Notre Dame were also involved in the event, such as the Notre Dame Swing Club and the Notre Dame Women’s Ultimate Frisbee team,” Murphy said.  “The point of the night was to give the clubs on campus a chance to showcase all that they have to offer our students.” For many clubs, the night was a great success.  Junior Grace Harvey, who founded the SMC Yoga Club last year, said she had over 150 sign-ups and even ran out of paper at her table. “I couldn’t believe the enthusiasm for the Yoga Club,” Harvey said.  “It makes me excited that so many girls want to be a part of something that builds community.  I am looking forward to the continual growth of the club, especially now that my younger sister, Chris Harvey, is a freshman here and will also be teaching classes.” Besides numerous athletic clubs ranging from Boxing Club to Horseback Riding Club, many different art clubs showcased student abilities. Junior Chelsea Scarnegie said her favorite parts of Activities Night were learning about the new Poetry Club and signing up for information on the Saint Mary’s Literary and Art Publication, the Chimes.  “I learned that the Chimes has been the College’s creative publication since 1892,” Scarnegie said.  “I am hoping to get published this year, but it will also be fun to join their editorial board and help choose the pieces that will be printed.” Diane Fox, from the Office for Student Success, said she thinks getting involved on campus enhances a student’s overall education. “Campus activities and clubs help students learn to prioritize academics with life and manage time,” Fox said.  “Maintaining a balanced life in college allows students to feel themselves mentally, spiritually and physically.  This enhances the person’s personal evolution as well as helps to prevent burnout.” Junior Nicole O’Toole, president of the Republicans Club, said the night was a true success because it brought the entire community together in a fun way. “It was cool to just sit back and watch all of the retuning club members of each organization inspiring new members to join,” O’Toole said.  “Everyone here has a passion for something, and I love watching students find new connections that will make college more enjoyable and memorable.”last_img read more

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Man Charged Following Lengthy Meth Investigation

first_imgShare:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) SILVER CREEK – A wanted Silver Creek man was arrested at a village residence Wednesday following a lengthy methamphetamine trafficking investigation.The Chautauqua County Sheriff’s Office says Sean O’Connor, 46, was wanted on multiple Felony Counts of second-degree criminal possession of a controlled substance, fifth-degree criminal sale of a controlled substance, and third-degree unlawful manufacture of methamphetamine out of Chautauqua County Court.O’Connor was reportedly the subject of a lengthy investigation into alleged narcotics trafficking and manufacturing of methamphetamine throughout Chautauqua County. During the course of the investigation members of the Southern Tier Regional Drug Task Force allegedly made numerous controlled purchases of methamphetamine from O’Connor.O’Connor was taken in to custody and transported to the Chautauqua County Jail where he awaited arraignment. O’Connor was arraigned and released earlier on today’s date. last_img read more

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Tony Nominee Valisia LeKae is Cancer Free!

first_img Motown The Musical In addition to Motown The Musical, LeKae has appeared on Broadway in The Book of Mormon, Ragtime, 110 in the Shade and The Threepenny Opera. LeKae also told us: “I am so grateful to my doctor, Dr. David Fishman of Mount Sinai as well as my family and friends! To my Motown family as well as the rest of the Broadway community, I thank you from the bottom of my heart. I am so grateful for your love and support! Today I know more than ever that there ‘Ain’t No Mountain High Enough’ that will keep me away from you!” Tony nominee Valisia LeKae, who revealed in 2013 that she had been diagnosed with ovarian cancer, has shared with Broadway.com that she is now cancer free. LeKae, who originated the role of Diana Ross in Motown The Musical, wrote, “This time last year I was celebrating with the Broadway community and the celebration continues with the news that I am cancer free!” View Comments Related Showscenter_img LeKae spoke out about her condition last year in the hopes of educating others. At the time, she said, “I feel scared and want people to realize that it can happen to you,” adding, “it’s better to fight than to fear.” Show Closed This production ended its run on Jan. 18, 2015 Valisia LeKae Star Fileslast_img read more

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Daily Dirt: February 22, 2013

first_imgIt’s the economy, stupid.Outdoor Recreation is Big $$$In case you hadn’t heard, outdoor recreation is a big money generator for states. Compelling opportunities to play outside will bring people to your state, and those people will spend money, to the tune of $646 billion every year. A map put out by the Outdoor Industry Association allows you to see just how much of that pie is in your state in 2012, along with how many jobs are supported by outdoor recreation and direct tax revenue. Virginia for example, nearly 140,000 jobs are supported and $923 million in taxes raised through the outdoor recreation industry. Despite some states opting to support businesses and energy companies over trail users, this is just another example of how important the outdoor industry is on the national and local level.Virginia Bike Bills De-RailedTwo bike bills went before the Virginia General Assembly this session, and both were killed on the floor. One would have imposed a fine of up to $100 for opening a door into the path of a biker; that bill was killed in committee. The other would have made tailgating bikers illegal, and moved the required three feet of clearance when passing a biker, as opposed to the two feet that is currently on the books. This is especially disheartening given the attention the Elias Webb case has been getting in Richmond, and the fact that most other states have similar laws already – but Virginia is also the state that is proposing to charge the owners of hybrid cars an annual $100 fee, just because.Bear Poachers NabbedAuthorities have made over 90 arrests in the hilariously named Operation Something Bruin, a four year undercover sting of bear poaching and other illicit hunting activities in Georgia and North Carolina. Working with federal agents, police in N.C. arrested over 80 people, while Georgia authorities brought in eight people on over 140 counts, including one suspect they called a “poaching machine.” Poachers are charged with everything from luring bears into traps with honey and hunting out of season to littering. This is good news for the bears, the environment and the people who enjoy nature, which can be a lot of people – see above.More at the Atlantic Journal-ConstitutionQuick HitsGreat story of Washington, D.C. native and WVU freshman going from inner city to mountain climber, joining the first all-African American team attempting summit of Denali.Couple attempting to cycle around the world killed by pickup truck while riding in Thailand.World Fishing Network looking for Ultimate Fishing Town in North America, taking submissions.“Moth Man” of West Virginia trains lab of bomb-sniffing moths.last_img read more

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