Darwin Missed the Pink Iguanas

first_imgThe news media are excited about pink iguanas found in the Galapagos Islands.  The rare type was discovered accidentally in 1986 but received almost no attention till now.  Reports with pictures can be found on Live Science, PhysOrg, New Scientist and the BBC News, based on the paper by Gentile et al in PNAS.1    The “rosada” (pink) land iguana is similar in size and shape to a more common yellow variety on Isabela island, the largest island in the Galapagos archipelago.  Darwin did not see any of these during his five-week tour.  It is surprising no other scientist saw this population, either, for 150 years after Darwin’s stopover.  They live isolated on an extinct volcano named Volcan Wolf on the north end of Isabela island.    The scientists performed phylogenetic analysis of individuals and declared them to be the most basal land iguanas on the islands.  They estimate they diverged 5.7 million years ago and went their own way genetically.  This raises a conundrum, however; the island of Isabela, their sole habitat, did not form till half a million years ago, they believe.  How did the pink form remain genetically isolated for so long when the populations were free to mix with others?  Actually, they were found not to be completely isolated.  One yellow iguana appeared to have a rosada grandparent, so hybridization, though rare, does occur (as it does with the finches).  “In any case, incomplete reproductive isolation between the rosada and syntopic yellow land forms is not surprising,” they said, “considering that hybridization can still occur between marine and land iguanas, 2 genera morphologically, ecologically, behaviorally, and genetically very distant.”1.  Gentile et al, “An overlooked pink species of land iguana in the Galapagos,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, published online before print January 5, 2009, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0806339106.Is this evolution?  They look nearly identical to the other land iguanas except for skin color and slight differences in head-bobbing behavior.  There are more differences between people than between these iguanas.  To be told that they have been genetically isolated ten times longer than the island they live on was separated from the others is a stretch; it’s also not very helpful to evolutionary theory, because they believe humans came down from the trees and evolved philosophy in less time than that.    Phylogenetic analysis is fraught with dubious assumptions.  Differences this small can take a lot less time to develop.  Live Science quoted the lead author saying, “The Darwin finches are thought to have differentiated later than the split between the pink and yellow iguana lineages.”  And just like the finches, the differences are minor variations.  No new genetic information, tissues or organs “emerged” by Darwin’s mechanism.    The news write-ups, nevertheless, are filled with references to Charlie.  King Charles had nothing to do with this.  He didn’t even see them.  He came up with a tall tale after his voyage about how humans might have had bacteria ancestors.  Why?  Because he saw microevolutionary changes in finches, turtles, mockingbirds and cacti in an isolated, desolate environment, and could not fit these observations into preconceived theological notions about how God would have done things.  For this Charlie should be scorned, not praised.    Darwin’s name would not be remembered except for his visit here, his 200th birthday coming up, and the pressure of his disciples to associate his name with these islands that are full of amazingly hardy, well-adapted, created creatures (redundant, since creature refers to a created living thing).  All creatures of our God and King was not written in praise of King Charlie, despite the devotion of his subjects.(Visited 9 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Goals galore as SA hockey women fire

first_img7 August 2012 Wow! Where did that come from? The previously winless South African women’s hockey team delivered a scintillating performance at the Riverbank Arena on Monday to thrash the USA 7-0 in a pool B clash at the London Olympic Games. “We are pleased. It was an excellent performance from the whole team, definitely our best performance of the tournament.” The domination was underlined by the total number of shots the teams had on goal. South Africa had 27, the USA just six. Penalty cornerThe South African penalty corner, which had not produced a goal in the tournament until then, proved to be very effective as the team netted four goals from 10 corners. The Americans forced five short corners without managing a goal. ‘A very good feeling’She added: “Today, the first goal made all the difference. Before this match we hadn’t scored any goals from the penalty corners. It was a good way to finish. It is a very good feeling to have won so well. Coetzee, the all-time leading goal scorer in women’s international hockey, is now just two goals shy of 250 in an outstanding career. Hurried and hassledThey hurried and hassled the Americans when they were in possession, quickly forcing a turnover of possession, or conceding a free hit to slow down the opposition’s attack. Olivier, a bronze medal winner at the World Junior Championships in 2008, contested the first round of the 800 metres on Monday. The top three finishers in each of the seven heats were guaranteed a place in the semi-finals, along with the next two fastest men. In their previous matches, the South African team had misfired to an extent, they had missed chances they might have taken on another day, some bad luck had befallen them, but against the USA everything clicked. South Africa, ranked 12th in the world, had gone into the contest needing to win by six goals to finish above the Americans, whose world ranking is sixth, in their pool. They went one better and delivered seven with a strong performance from first whistle to last.center_img “We struggled to find rhythm at the beginning of the week,” Bright said after the match. “Each game we have played better and finally we got it together today.” The tempo and intensity of the South African effort was impressive, especially so since it never flagged throughout the game. The ball movement was good and Marsha Marescia and company proved very effective down the flanks. Tarryn Bright, who played a commanding role in the midfield, struck twice, Pietie Coetzee added two goals from penalty corners, and Lesley-Ann George, Dirkie Chamberlain and Jen Wilson also got onto the scoreboard. Running in the final heat, Olivier ran with a plan in mind and finished third in 1:46.42 to secure his place in Tuesday’s semi-finals. There will be three semi-final races, with the top two from each race going through, as well as the two fastest men besides them. 800 metresSince 1996, South Africa has produced two medal winners in the 800 metres, with Hezekiel Sepeng claiming silver in Atlanta, and Mbulaeni Mulaudzi winning another silver in Athens. The country’s hopes in the event in London lie with Andre Olivier. The USA’s Katie Reinprecht commented: “South Africa came out super-aggressive. They really put us under the pump. I will give them credit. They were lethal on the circle. They got us pretty good.” Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material Coach Giles Bonnet’s charges will next face Japan on Wednesday for ninth place.last_img read more

Celeb Spotting: Alia Bhatt and Arjun Kapoor in casuals are rocking it as usual

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POLICE LOG for January 10 Strangers At The Door Woman Taken Into

first_imgWILMINGTON, MA — Here are highlights from the Wilmington Police Log for Thursday, January 10, 2019:Police issued two parking citations in the MBTA parking lot on Main Street. (8:46am)Police noted a MBTA Commuter Rail train (#1639) at North Wilmington station was blocking Middlesex Avenue. (9:36am)A caller stated someone keeps ringing their doorbell, but she doesn’t want to answer. Caller states she is not expecting anyone. Police responded. Minuteman Services was at the door. Police notified the caller. (2:16pm)A Salem Street caller reported an unfamiliar female rang her doorbell several times and is now sitting in her driveway in a silver sedan. Police responded. Female was a CNA who was given the wrong address. (3:13pm)A caller stated he received threats from his former manager while he was picking up his belongings. (4:43pm)A Wilmington 39-year-old was taken into protective custody after causing a disturbance outside a home. Caller said she “had a few drinks.” (9:33pm)(DISCLAIMER: This information is public information.  An arrest does not constitute a conviction.  Any arrested person is innocent until proven guilty.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email wilmingtonapple@gmail.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedPOLICE LOG for June 27: Stranger Enters Resident’s House; Man Denies Asking Young Girls To Follow HimIn “Police Log”POLICE LOG for August 31: Woburn Man Arrested For OUI; Bad Highway Crash Required MedflightIn “Police Log”POLICE LOG for August 19: Fist Fight At Planet Fitness; Hawk Stuck Inside Building; Gas Line StruckIn “Police Log”last_img read more

STUDENT SPOTLIGHT Wilmingtons Deeanna Mallett Named To Deans List At Keene State

first_imgKEENE, NH — Keene State College has announced that the following Wilmington student has been named to the Fall 2018 Dean’s List:Deeanna MallettAbout Keene State CollegeKeene State College is a preeminent public liberal arts college that ensures student access to world-class academic programs. Integrating academics with real-world application and active community and civic engagement, Keene State College prepares graduates to meet society’s challenges by thinking critically, acting creatively, and serving the greater good. To learn more about Keene State College, visit http://www.keene.edu.(NOTE: The above announcement is from Keene State College via Merit.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email wilmingtonapple@gmail.com.Thank You To Our Sponsor:Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… Related3 Wilmington Students Named To Dean’s List At Keene State CollegeIn “Education”STUDENT SPOTLIGHT: Wilmington’s Pumphret & Rae Named To Dean’s List At Keene StateIn “Education”Wilmington’s Mallett, Mazzie & Rae Named To Dean’s List At Keene StateIn “Education”last_img read more